bheg-, bheng-

    bheg-, bheng-
    English meaning: to break
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “zerschlagen, zerbrechen”
    Material: O.Ind. bhanákti, perf. babháñja “break, rupture” (only afterwards after reshuffled the 7th class), bhaŋga-ḥ “break; billow” (compare Lith. bangà “billow”), bhañji-ḥ “ diffraction, declension, crooked way, sale, step, wave “; Arm. bekanem “break”, bek “broke”; but Phryg. βεκός “bread”, actually “ crumb “ (?)has unexplained k; With -u- grade: also Alb. (*beuka) buka “bread” : Phryg. βεκός “bread”, actually “ crumb “
    Note: From an extended Root b(e)u-1, bh(e)u- : “expr. sound of hitting” derived Root bheg-, bheng- : “to break”, Root bhenĝh-, bhn̥ĝh- (adj. bhn̥ĝhú-s) : “thick, fat”, Root bheug-1 : “to flee, *be frightened”, Root bheug-2, bheugh- : “to clear away, free”, Root bheug-3, bheugh- : “to bow”, Root bheug-4 : “to enjoy, *consume, bite” as taboo words. O.Ir. bongid, -boing “breaks, reaps, harvests, wins (*gains) “ verbal noun búain (*bhog-ni- ), enclitic -bach, -bech (*bhogo-m), Thurneysen Grammar 447, 461; pass. preterit -bocht, perhaps = bocht “ poor “; dropping the nasal the preterit buich has probably secondary u (compare O.Ir. mag “field”, dat. muig < *mages), so that it is not necessary, to go back in *bheug(h)- “bend”; M.Welsh di-vwng “ inflexible “; to meaning “defeat, conquer” compare O.Ir. maidid “ break out” = “defeat”. Toо grade point at also M.Ir. boimm “morsel, bite, mouthful” from *bhogsmn̥; Lith. bangà “billow, heap, lashings, pelting rains “, prabangà “ excess “, Ltv. buogs “ a dense crowd “, in addition Lith. bangùs “rash, hasty, violent” (from brooks and downpours), bingùs “ gamy “ (of horses), bengiù, bengiaũ, beñgti “ finish “, pabangà f. “termination”; pr. pobanginnons “ moves, weighs “; in the meaning “finish, end” come into being through ablaut derailment forms with ei, ai (compare Endzelin Ltv. Gk. 60) in Ltv. beĩgas pl. “ end, inclination, slope “, Lith. pabaigà ds., beigiù and baigiù “end”, Ltv. bèidzu ds.; here Ltv. buoga also stands for ‘stony place”, here belongs probably also Russ. búga “ flooded tract of forest “; different about beig- (to bhei- “hit”) Kuiper Nasalpräs. 184. The following forms are to be kept away because of the auslauts and because of meaning and to indicate probably as onomatopoeic words: Gmc. *bang- “hit” in O.Ice. banga “hit”, bang “din, fuss, noise”, Eng. bang “knock, hit”, with ablaut M.H.G. M.L.G. bungen “drum”; N.Ger. bengel “ club, cudgel, boor “ = Ger. Bengel, Eng. dial. bangle “ gnarled stick “, O.N. epithet bǫngull. In addition with intensive consonant increase: Gmc. *bank- in O.S. banka, abl. bunka “hit, knock”, obd. bunken “knock, bump, poke”, M.L.G. bunken, Dutch bonken “hit, thrash”. Ltv. bungã “drum”, bunga “blow, knock” derive probably from M.N.Ger. Maybe Alb. bungë, bunga pl. “kind of oak, Quercus sessiflora (stick for beating?)”
    References: WP. II 149 f., WH. I 503, 541, Trautmann 26.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bhenĝh-, bhn̥ĝh- (adj. bhn̥ĝhu-s) —     bhenĝh , bhn̥ĝh (adj. bhn̥ĝhu s)     English meaning: thick, fat     Deutsche Übersetzung: “dick, dicht, feist”     Material: O.Ind. bahu “dense, rich, much, a lot of” “compounds Sup. baṁhīyas , baṁhišṭha (= Gk. παχύς); bahulá “thick,… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bheug-4 —     bheug 4     English meaning: to enjoy, *consume, bite     Deutsche Übersetzung: “genießen”     Material: O.Ind. bhuṅktē (with instr., newer acc.) “enjoys”, compare bhunákti, bhuñjati “grants pleasure, enjoys, consumes”, bubhukṣü “hunger”,… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • βέκος — και βεκός, ο (Α) ψωμί. [ΕΤΥΜΟΛ. Η λ. θεωρήθηκε από τον Ηρόδοτο φρυγική, ενώ από άλλους κυπριακή. Μαρτυρείται πράγματι λ. bekos σε φρυγικές επιγραφές που αν σήμαινε «ψωμί» μπορεί να είχε εισαχθεί στην Έφεσο, Κύπρο κ.α. Εξάλλου σύμφωνα με τη… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • b(e)u-1, bh(e)u- —     b(e)u 1, bh(e)u     English meaning: expr. sound of hitting     Deutsche Übersetzung: schallnachahmend for dumpfe Schalleindrũcke, e.g. Uhuruf, dumpfer Schlag among others     Material: Pers. būm “owl”; Arm. bu, buēč “owl” (without consonant …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

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